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Osvrt na intervju Nevena Budaka u Večernjem listu od 10. siječnja 2015.

          
 
Poznato je u eksperimentalnoj znanosti (fizici, kemiji,...) da postojanje sustavne pogrješke, a koja je imanentna samoj metodi mjerenja, onemogućava dobivanje rezultata točnijeg od reda veličine te sustavne pogrješke. Zato su u egzaktnim znanostima odavno shvatili da se sustavna pogrješka može izbjeći samo promjenom metode mjerenja. Primijenimo li ovu logiku na dio društvenih istraživanja, posebno na istraživanja u sustavu naobrazbe, brzo ćemo uočiti da je ta sustavna pogreška ugrađena u samu metodu istraživanja, čak štoviše, uključena je i što je posebno pogubno, u izbor ljudi koji provode ta istraživanja.
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
U osobama Nevena Budaka, profesora s Filozofskog fakulteta, i mladog Borisa Jokića, djelatnika Instituta za društvena istraživanja, uviđamo taj problem. To su osobe koje u istraživanju kvalitete sustava naobrazbe ne mogu izaći iz svog ograničenog i skučenog ''društvenjačkog okvira''. To su osobe (i mnogi njima slični) koje do kraja, i bez ostatka ne mogu same sebi priznati da su se nametnule u pokušaju kreiranja obrazovnog sustava i da su uzrok svih nevolja u sustavu naobrazbe od Šuvarevih vremena do danas. To su osobe koje unatoč vrlo preciznim pokazateljima glede kvalitete našeg obrazovnog sustava, OECD-ovog PISA istraživanja, ne mogu sami sebi priznati da su izvan realnog vremena i prostora.
 
Posljedica je vrtnja u krugu, nesagledavanje bitnih problema u školstvu kao i načina rješavanja tih problema. Da budem konkretan: Jedan od većih problema je nepostojanje realnih i prirodnih kriterija u osnovnom-obvezatnom školstvu, a što se ogleda u činjenici da imamo 75 % odlikaša koji završavaju tu razinu obrazovanja. Oni taj problem guraju pod tepih i bulazne o nekoj devetogodišnjoj obveznoj osnovnoj školi uvodeći 'nulti razred' za dob djeteta od šest godina. Zar će se time nešto bitno postići? Osim naravno zapošljavanja hiperprodukcijski proizvedenih 'teta učiteljica' s burze rada.
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
Bulazne također, kao nekad i Stipe Šuvar, da nam gospodarstvu manjka kadrova iz strukovnog obrazovanja. Da manjka to je točno, ali taj problem je nemoguće početi rješavati ako se ne uvažavaju preporuke OECD-ovog PISA projekta kao i porazni rezultati u znanju matematike i prirodoslovlja, u tom istom istraživanju, naših 15-godišnjaka u tri navrata: 2006., 2009. i 2012. godine. A PISA test je jako važan, posebno za najbogatije države Europe, jer on daje točan pokazatelj kakva će biti ekonomija za 20 godina, jer je dokazano da je PISA test u korelaciji s bruto nacionalnim dohotkom za 20 godina. PISA testovi su globalni pokazatelj sposobnosti učenika u dobi od 15 godina, a ocjenjuju se matematika, čitalačke kompetencije i prirodne znanosti. Naglasak je na primjenjenom znanju, a ne definicijama, nabrajanjima i podjelama popularnim u hrvatskim školama.
 
Zar nije znakovito da nam je profesor Kwong WaiLeung s The Chinese University of Hong Kong,jedan od voditelja PISA projekta, na upit naših školskih 'stručnjaka' što moramo činiti, rekao: ''Naučite djecu do 15 godine dva jezika-engleski i matematiku''?  Spomenuti dvojac ne razumije da problem neodabira strukovnih zanimanja od strane završenih osnovaca, kao i neodabir  'tvrdih studija' (tehnike, prirodoslovlja, matematike…) od strane brucoša nije samo refleksija stanja u društvu, već je prvenstveno posljedica oskudnog znanja mladih iz područja koja su relevantna u PISA istraživanjima. Za ilustraciju može poslužiti činjenica da je zagrebački FER uveo po prvi puta od kada postoji repetitorij iz matematike i fizike u prvom semestru za brucoše. I sve dok spomenuta (i slična ) gospoda pišu strategije obrazovanja možemo pjevati: ''Nema nam pomoći…''
 

Miroslav Dorešić

Međunarodni dan borbe seljaka – 17. travnja

 
 
'La Via Campesina' je međunarodni pokret koji diljem svijeta ujedinjuje milijune seljaka, malih i srednjih poljoprivrednih proizvođača, bezzemljaše, seoske žene, migrante i radnike u poljoprivredi. Pokret je u Monsu, Belgija, 1993. pokrenula skupina poljoprivrednika s četiri kontinenta. Naime, u to vrijeme započela je globalizacija poljoprivredne proizvodnje ili točnije 'agrobiznisa' i poljoprivrednih politika. Stoga su mali poljoprivredni proizvođači osjetili potrebu za svoju borbu i razvoj zajedničke vizije. Organizacije koje ujedinjuju male poljoprivredne proizvođače također su željele da se i njihov glas čuje te da i oni imaju određenu ulogu u donošenju odluka koje se tiču njihovih života i njihove budućnosti.
http://www.climate-justice-now.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/via-campesina.jpg
'La Via Campesina' danas obuhvaća oko 164 lokalnih i nacionalnih organizacija iz 73 države svijeta – Afrike, Azije, Europe, Sjeverne i Južne Amerike. Sve zajedno, ona predstavlja oko 200 milijuna poljoprivrednih proizvođača ili farmera. To je autonoman, pluralni i multikulturalni pokret koji je posve neovisan od bilo kojeg oblika politike i ekonomije. 'La Via Campesina' danas je prepoznata i priznata te ima vodeću ulogu u svim raspravama koje se odnose na hranu i poljoprivredu, prepoznata je među brojnim institucijama, društvenim pokretima od lokalne do globalne razine, uključujući i ulogu u UN-ovoj Organizaciji za hranu i poljoprivredu (FAO) te UN-ovom Vijeću za ljudska prava.
 
'La Via Campesina' je izgrađena na čvrstim temeljima i osjećaju za jedinstvo i solidarnost između svih malih i srednjih poljoprivrednih proizvođača sa Sjevera i Juga. Glavni cilj njihovog pokreta je ostvariti prehrambenu suverenost i zaustaviti destruktivne, odnosno razorne neoliberalne procese. Čvrsto i nepokolebljivo stoji u obrani malih proizvođača u održivoj poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji te se zalaže za promicanje pravde i dostojanstva. Snažno su odupire korporativnoj moći i njihovoj poljoprivrednoj politici koja podjednako uništava i ljude i prirodu. 'La Via Campesina' odlučno brani i prava žena te se zalaže za jednakost spolova. Naime, prema podatcima FAO-a, žene danas proizvode čak 70% hrane, ali su one još uvijek zanemarene jednako kao i njihov težak rad i doprinos u poljoprivrednoj proizvodnji. Upravo je 'La Via Campesina' za vrijeme održavanja Svjetskog 'summita' o hrani 1996. pokrenula ideju o „prehrambenoj suverenosti.“ Ova ideja do danas je prerasla u globalni pokret cijelih naroda.
 
Prehrambena suverenost (neovisnost o hrani) odnosi se na pravo svih naroda i svih ljudi na zdravu i odgovarajuću hranu koja je proizvedena metodama održive poljoprivrede, te njihovo pravo da sami odlučuju o svojoj hrani i poljoprivrednim sustavima koji su primjereni njihovoj kulturi. Prehrambena suverenost na prvo mjesto stavlja upravo proizvodnju hrane na lokalnoj razini kao i konzumiranje domaće hrane. Omogućuje svakoj zemlji da se bori za svoje pravo na zaštitu vlastite lokalne proizvodnje hrane te da štiti svoje male poljoprivrednike od uvoza jeftine hrane. Pravo na korištenje i upravljanje zemljom, teritorijima, vodom, sjemenskim i sadnim materijalom, stočnim fondom i bioraznolikošću mora biti u rukama onih koji proizvode hranu a ne u korporativnom vlasništvu.
 
'La Via Campesina' proglasila je 17. travnja kao Svjetski dan borbe seljaka u svrhu isticanja potrebne borbe i osude kriminalizacije protesta seljaka. Naime, seljaci, poljoprivredni proizvođači danas se progone i trpe kao žrtve svakodnevnog nasilja koje je posljedica djelovanja agrobiznisa i provođenja neoliberalnih politika u ruralnim područjima. Za ovaj pokret međunarodnog karaktera od velikog je značaja ubrzanje odobrenja/priznanja UN-ove Deklaracije o pravima seljaka i drugih ljudi koji žive u ruralnim područjima. Ova Deklaracija biti će glavno „oružje“ u podržavanju borbe za život i dostojanstvo na selu i ruralnim područjima.
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
Ovogodišnji 17. travnja 'La Via Campesina' usmjeruje na borbu protiv transnacionalnih kompanija i sporazuma o slobodnoj trgovini. Stoga posvećuje veliku pažnju i ukazuje na negativne učinke transnacionalnih korporacija kao i na štetne posljedice brojnih sporazuma o slobodnoj trgovini na male i srednje poljoprivredne proizvođače, uključujući i prehrambenu suverenost. Poziva sve seljake i poljoprivrednike na daljnje jačanje socijalne borbe za obranu prava na zemlju svojih pradjedova, što je središnji element poljoprivrede i prehrambene suverenosti naroda.
 
Ovaj dan obilježava se od 1996. u spomen na pokolj 19 seljaka bez zemlje u Brazilu. To je dan kada se jača narodna solidarnost i otpor, kada se produbljuje savez između grada i sela u svrhu podrške društvenog projekta temeljenog na socijalnoj pravdi i dostojanstvu svih. „Mi, žene i muškarci, mali poljoprivredni proizvođači, starosjedioci, bezzemljaši i svi ostali diljem svijeta borimo se za izgradnju modela poljoprivredne proizvodnje temeljene na malim proizvođačima i prehrambenoj suverenosti.“ Sporazumi o slobodnoj trgovini onemogućavaju ovaj projekt. Štoviše, oni uzrokuju raseljavanje, progone i nestajanje seljaka jer se zalažu za kapitalistički industrijalizirani model poljoprivredne proizvodnje koja je izrazito ovisna o primjeni štetnih agrokemijskih sredstava. Ovi sporazumi pregovaraju se daleko od javnosti i pod utjecajem interesa određenog broja multinacionalnih korporacija, dok je glas naroda isključen. Stoga 'La Via Campesina' ističe da politike koje imaju za cilj ukidanje administrativnih ograničenja (propisa i kontrole) jedino služe interesima transnacionalnih korporacija. Svi sprorazumi o slobodnoj trgovini, bez obzira jesu li multi- ili bi-lateralni, oni zahtijevaju zaštitu stranih kompanija te utemeljuju niz propisa, mjera i uvjeta kako bi zaštitili svoje interese. Liberalizacija tržišta ima ozbiljne i teške socijalne i ekonomske učinke na seljake i poljoprivredne proizvođače na Sjeveru i na Jugu.
 
Jedan od novijih primjera jesu pregovori o slobodnoj trgovini između Europske unije, SAD-a i Kanade (TTIP, CETA). Ovi sporazumi potpuno će liberalizirati tržište (trgovinu i ulaganja). Budu li usvojeni i potpisani, ovi sporazumi imati će negativne učinke i dalekosežne posljedice na globalnoj razini. U slučaju usvajanja ovih sporazuma o slobodnoj trgovini, korporacije će dobiti novo „oružje“ kojim će moći manipulirati zakonskim odredbama, normama i javnim politikama, a sve samo u cilju ostvarenja njihovog profita.
 
Mnoge naročito zabrinjava ISDS tj. Investor-State Dispute Settlement / Resolution – arbitražni mehanizam koji znači „podređenost država pravu skrojenom po mjeri multinacionalnih korporacija preko rješavanja sporova između država i tvrtki, odn. investitora.“ Posljedica toga biti će gubitak prava država, regija i zajednica da sami odlučuju o sebi i donose odluke o zaštiti prava vlastitih građana, okoliša i prirode. Dođe li u primjenu ovaj „arbitražni mehanizam,“ on će multinacionalnim kompanijama i korporacijama dati pravo da globaliziraju, transnacionaliziraju i privatiziraju svjetski pravni sustav. Privatne kompanije i korporacije time dobivaju moć i ovlaštenje da pišu zakone i propise te da provode strategiju koja ima za cilj slabljenje država i nacionalne suverenosti. 
 
U međuvremenu je Svjetska trgovinska organizacija (WTO) krenula u novi napad protiv nacionalne proizvodnje hrane, njezine distribucije i sustava prehrambenih rezervi, a sve sa ciljem slabljenja javnih sustava koji štite ljude. Stoga 'La Via Campesina' poziva sve na ujedinjenje i složnost u borbi protiv korporativne poljoprivredne proizvodnje, a za istinsku prehrambenu suverenost koja će svima osigurati opstanak i budućnost.   
     

Rodjena Marija Kuhar, dr. med. vet.

Predstavljena knjiga Veliki osječki most / The Great Osijek Bridge

 
 
U Preporodnoj dvorani Hrvatske akademije znanosti i umjetnosti u srijedu 15. travnja predstavljeno je dvojezično izdanje knjige Veliki osječki most / The Great Osijek Bridge, kojoj su autori Ivana Haničar Buljan, Nenad Moačanin, Milan Pelc, Mladen Pešić i Ratko Vučetić, a urednik akademik Andrija Mutnjaković. Knjigu je objavio Zavod za znanstveni i umjetnički rad HAZU-a u Osijeku u suradnji s Institutom za povijest umjetnosti kao rezultat istraživačkog rada provedenog u Institutu o Velikom Osječkom mostu, tzv. Sulejmanovom mostu koji je kroz močvarna područja povezivao povijesna naselja Osijek i Dardu od 1526. do 1687. u dužini od šest kilometara.
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Knjiga jedrugi svezak edicije Mursa Aeterna – Vječni Osijek objavljena uz potporu Veleposlanstva Republike Turske u Hrvatskoj i Turskog instituta za podvodnu arheologiju iz Istanbula. Predsjednik HAZU-a akademik Zvonko Kusić izrazio je zadovoljstvo što se ova knjiga vezana uz povijest Osijeka obavljuje upravo u godini u kojoj se slavi 200. godišnjica rođenja velikog Osječanina Josipa Jurja Strossmayera, utemeljitelja Akademije. Podsjetio je na dosadašnju suradnju Akademije s Turskom, među ostalim i na digitalizaciju orijentalne zbirke Arhiva HAZU-a koju je 2014. obavio institut Yunus Emre iz Ankare. „Bio je to veliki pothvat koji pokazuje jedno multikulturno zbližavanje“, kazao je akademik Kusić.
Turski veleposlanik Ahmet Tuta podsjetio je na sve veće zanimanje za tursku kulturu u Hrvatskoj, zahvaljujući popularnoj kulturi i televizijske serije, no istaknuo je da postoji i potreba za akademskim radovima o temama iz prošlosti. Veliki osječki most nazvao je remek-djelom osmanske arhitekture u Hrvatskoj koji je imao ne samo vojno-strateško nego i trgovačko i gospodarsko značenje, zbog čega je Osijek pod osmanskom vlašću postao važno gradsko središte i razvio se kao multukulruran grad, u čemu može biti uzor i u današnje vrijeme. „Most simbolizira multikulturnu prirodu hrvatsko-turskih odnosa koji se nisu svodili samo na vojne pohode, nego i na trgovački i kulturni razvoj, a simbolizira i današnju ulogu Hrvatske kao mosta između srednje i jugoistočne Europe“, kazao je veleposlanik Tuta.
 
Predsjednik Turskoga instituta za podvodnu arheologiju Oguz Aydemir rekao je da unatoč brojnim turskim kulturnim ponudama koje su često povezane uz područje mašte još uvijek postoji očita potreba za nepristranim znanstvenim radom koji bi osvjetljivao razna povijesna gledišta hrvatskoga i turskog naroda. „To je potrebno napraviti pogotovo što zato što su se njihovi putovi ispreplitali tijekom više stoljeća“, kazao je Oguz.
 
Po riječima Milana Pelca, Sulejmanov most je spomenik kulture koji pripada i Hrvatskoj i Turskoj, a istraživačima je bio cilj što iscrpnije ga obraditi nik u vremenu njegova nastajanja. Akademik Andrija Mutnjaković istaknuo je da su geostrateški položaj Osijeka s mostom koji otvara put u srednju Europu dobro uočili stratezi osmanskih osvajačkih pohoda koji su Osijek odmah nakon osvajanja 1526. pretvorili u jaku utvrdu. „Sljedećih 150 godina sve turske vojne prema Beču i Ugarskoj kretale su se preko Osijeka", rekao je akademik Mutnjaković.  
 

Marijan Lipovac

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