Pad vrijednosti valuta kosi se s glasinama o prijetnji dolaru

 
 
Brazil, Rusija, Indija, Kina i Južna Afrika – zemlje BRICS-a – nadaju se da će udaljiti svijet od dolara i financijskih institucija kojima dominira Zapad, za koje one kažu da ne zadovoljavaju potrebe gospodarstva u nastajanju. Međutim, veliki pad vrijednosti valuta u posljednjih nekoliko tjedana u ovih pet zemalja, koje obuhvaćaju 40 posto svjetske populacije i oko jedne petine globalnog gospodarstva, pokazao je kako će biti teško da  bilo koja od njihovih valuta zauzme mjesto dolara.
data:image/jpeg;base64,/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQAAAQABAAD/2wCEAAkGBxQSEhQUExQVFBUXFxcYGBgYFxQVFBYXFxgWGBcXFRcYHCggGBwlGxcVITEhJSkuLi4uFx8zODMsNygtLisBCgoKDg0OGxAQGywlHyQsNCwsLCwsLC8sLDUyLy8sLC8sLCwsLCwsLCwsLCwsLiwsLCwsLCwsLCwsLCwsLCwsLP/AABEIAKgBKwMBIgACEQEDEQH/xAAcAAABBQEBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAEAQIDBQYHAAj/xABFEAACAAQDBAcFBQUHAwUAAAABAgADESEEEjEFQVFhBhMicYGRoTJCUrHBBxRy0fAjYpLS4RczgqKywvEVg5NDU2Rzs//EABsBAAEFAQEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAMBAgQFBgAH/8QANREAAgECBAQCCQMEAwAAAAAAAAECAxEEEiExBUFRYRMiBhRxgZGhscHhIzLwM1LR8SRCYv/aAAwDAQACEQMRAD8AK+0vC5sKH+CYp8GBX5lY5e6R2vpTheswmIWlT1bMO9O2PVRHGSIiT0ZZYfWFgOdJrAsua0o2uOEWREQzpVYWMzqlK+wZh8SHFR/xE2aKAq0s1XxEWeExYcc+EOa6AE2nZhlYYxj1YaxhoQuui0qswt3D5k/IRpZe4/vr/rEU3RSXRa8cx+kXEv2D31/zCM7jJZqzZp8HTy0Ir3/HU2n2cTayZifC9fOq/wCyNTMA4Rh/s5nUmzU4hj/C4+jGN44i1wbzUV/OZneJwy4mXfUqtoqLEDTX9frSMXjtlYh5zEYhpcqtgCCSNbClo6DOTMCIyPSrY0pwJs4MVQeyurHdDprUjQYO+FSl2J57z6QJNw8oK+pJU0rU3pbdxg7BYSWZYyr1Q0CuhBp3AGGphKPRcpratKA1FN4r6QKw9MxzAhJhyutAxBKkb61r5xmSe0eWX5x0jbp6nA5cvaaorQaMxSnfQmObJdmP7y/MRY4GPlb7lDxipepGPRfV/glwJ7aipFVpUbr0+saPESSAAEdzlucpNTXU+EZiX7Sf4hHVMS/Xy5LhAt2alqEe3r3MBA8ctmG4NU0nH3/VfYo/uamlMy2AsGF9504xOmz6izuD3H8oJl4UOSSAO8G9eFAYH2hh8OSJcwPcgAqrgVNtaRARdtjdnbKxCTRmnM8vfYA91MsbbYskXZhQnQHcIrOjuwhJTICWqdTrThGukJQAUpSCwjd3BTkLKUcImAhRA+PxIQW9o6cucS7KMbsBu7IoOnu0+qwc8A3KZSeGchKD+KOGxsunfSMTScPLuqsDMfiwr2RxAvU8RyjHRAqScnqbr0foZMNm/uf4/wAkTjsxChglRbzgEuFFTEjDPdEH0hhaVOfVW+H+yctFditoV7Kef5RDPxDTDQWWHScNSJeiM0k57EcqRXWC0l0iRUh1IG53JMKSiRqsOIh5EKFrpDbhFEs/u5lpLB95Fcdz3Hp8ojMarp5s0ShhiNBKEo/9ulP9R8oyWaJ8P2oxONi/WJ+07g61qDobGOGYiRkZkOqMynvUkfSO6PHF+kcxDip5lkMrTCwI0Oa5I4ipN4i1lzNXhJatFaRDSsOBhRACa0DTZcATpJU5lsYuCsQzJUPhOwGpSUkR4PGB7GzQU0VU/DkGosYKw2KzDK1m+cEfVEdXi7M3fR1KJ3IPUVMHJ/dN3H5xDsdaI/l5CJ5f9yfwtGUqO82+5s4qyS6WLDoliCmKBHxkeDKbedI6ojAioji6OytNKGjABlPBgLHzpHRuhvSFMVhlmixNnX4HHtDu3jkRFrw2paLi9vwUHG6dqkZrmv59TQlREbSVOohpxa8/SGnGrz9Pziyco9UUauOOFT4VhpwEr4F8oT7+nPyH5wo2gnPyH5xyydjvMYz7UwqYeUo1M2vgqtX1YRyPD/Nx846R9q2PDzJKCvYlux/xkAf/AJmOcYP2V/HE2iko6Gdx83KtLtZfcUe7yc/OO39CpCTcDILCtAyEfhdl+QBjiL+yeTn5mOvfZjtEfdpiGvZmkjudVPzDQlaMWvME4bNqs0uaZqxsuUPcX1hG2ZKNig+cTHGpz8h+cJ98Xn5D84hNU+Vi/vIdLw6iJQoiIYpefkIX7yvOFjkXNCO4s6cFFT5cY5f9oHSwpmkym/aH22HuA+6v71PIc4uen/SsYdcks/tnHZGvVr8Z58B+UccnzCakkkm5JuSTqSd8M/e+waEbK4fsfZzTlmZLsq58o1ZQQppzFdN8DRe9Bp2TFSx8SlT5ZvmsbiVsCQJzzsgLk1vdQd5C6VresVOIxShUeZew2tPF+pQjSmr+VNe17r4nLGklDlaxsabxmAYA86ERRYySWcg6A2EajbM4PiJxGmcgeHZr6RTYpe0e4RNw02pe1DOMUvFwcJvdNfNAsqSBE4W0Koh408vrElybM4opIZCQsejhwrjTuHyix6OYbrMTITjMSvcpzN6AxXP9B8o0/wBnOHzYxT8CO3oE/wB8KldjZO0WzY/aHhs2Ezb0dW8DVD/qHlHMI7L0hkdZhpybzLaneBUeoEcZJiwgZHiMLVE+qNN006YmcTJw7UlaOwsZnIcE+fdrkpvu93yrEQF4lmaL3n9ekWuOw0YYRqPKzJ+Bqt4hX5iCHVhghxjMM0BJCMIUQ1jCDmRukP2Ts/rcTJT4piA/hzAt6AxLh8O8xgktS7HQAVP/ABzjX9E+is2XiJc+aFAlknKDVySpUbqb+MEjNLcj1I3QdhJORZoF6PMFeIViB8obh/7j/CYPnYCZLV8w1LGoBp2iT9YBwo/Y/wCE/KM1Wi1J3XP/ACaejUU4XTvsRSf7w80EZfZPSOZgZk0SpgWpKsGGYdkmhpx18408o9uWeKRi9u4VRiJlQNa+YBidw6SU3F80QOMwbhGS6/z6GkH2lYn45P8A4z+cL/aTifjkfwN/NGOGFX4RHvui8BFp+mZ/KzYf2kYn4pH8DfzQh+0jE/FI/gb+eMgcIvARG2FXhHfpiZZGo2hteZilM6blzFcvZBC0FaUBJ4xX4QdmX+L84e6ZMPTgI9hx2ZXf9DFpBWikYyvPPKcusmJl7L/iPzizwPSebgVrK6ukzKDnBIqoalKMOJgGQK9YOZgXaEsNJWt6fn/zDa0U4O4TBTy4iPtt8UaMfafiP/jfwP8Azw7+03EccN/A/wDPGGXCLwiQYNOAHeaDxMVlqZsLSNr/AGm4jjhv4H/nhp+03E8cP/A/88ZOTJkDRDMIFa0ITwrqNdYNweIlg1aYoGtFqKcsoBpTvh6pRfIY5AmO2v10xpkxwzsak/rQAWpyiCRMEx1RSCWIAHfFm8lZwLTEXL2grjs1HZvz1inwmGTrLD2Sflb6Q6VlFhsPCVStCC5tL5nXtjbGw8oBpeWYwp+0zByONKWXfpui8GpjkOz5hWbLI3OvK1RaNB09x+aestTaWt6fE9CfQL6xm54WUqmsr3NXX4bUlXUHO903d8re8qOkGzupnuAKIxLL3E3HgajyikxguIOE+bOKoS0zLXKLswB1A3kWFoTGbJn2/YTv/G9acdItKKcWrkvFr/guE2sy+dmVojxMKykGhBBG42I7xDTEwyp6PR6PQpwpMar7Np4XF0PvoyDvFH+SGMmDFpsHFdVNlTK0CzFJ/CCAw8qwjlls+5Iw2H8dyj/5f00+Z2thxjiWOw3VzHl/A7L/AAkj6R259Y5x0p6PzHxU1k9liDpvKrX1rFhFmR4hSlOKcTC0vEx9nuofp9Yi3xKik2Gp03+kabFQzUJrswOHnkqxl3I1hC24XPAXPkLwx5LyTVyJim9MpPlQdmJwwNGBDSjbtAmYh5MbgjUcrc4xN1ujQ+sN7ISTNDGgsf3qr6mwifFYR0pmUiumhrytv5axBNzCqTake647RXgaUqV5Xiy2TPYEYeZcNQK3trQ3AvqtLj0hsnZXjqLGrPZo2HRnDDDrLUD9pNALHea3C/hUbuMb/A4RUtqTepvGCwWLX7xLFqqlFFxa1DQixja4eaWoRqOBvCtrkPUZX1LSbhFI4gxldubIWWjOteBG7vEagG1zSK3bA7Boaihtx1gdejGpGzQTD1ZU53TMDJBJk0BJpuuYoulWz5izS5luFKjtZGy1vvpThG2wczJRJdQLD95hxJ56xdGXMK1za8x5EREoYdU5Xb17E7GYt145UrLvucVWJVEajppslJY66WoAFOsy0AFbK2XdUmhpyjKLi0/VIO7vYrbW0Y8pDDLuIk+9Jx+UWeCkBU69gSB7IpWvOkMTaeqFcbppC43BTGlAKpJIFrAnuB1hjYZkMsMCKGh5GmlocnSmvYJZVrXsgFlFdLkZj4QUu0EaWXBVwDmJJAmHjRdeNuUWHrlRO7joUT4FT8PLGbze6wDhPamfiP0iKYtZbDgx9f8AmCpCUdiCCrUYU4EWiNxaYOYPpFgpKpC65melGWHxGWW8WioVYZjPZoBWpAgnrUFq/KI52V8gU3zofDMK+kUcG86ujdyjeOhqtjdC0dR1rvU7lsq8hxjUDodhMopJ0GtTWBMJjHAHVliR7SlMq03kMaE2g2e85JxBRnXRTncLfiFVr98Ezye7DeFBftRl+lWDWSq5BRaEU56/rujGbLuznu7vCOp7fwZ6kpMAqwNq1IO69B8ox+M2P1EiWxpmJIOtdN/kdIR1bU3F7k7htBPHU58vwVwNLiLCRKOLxLEmmdmYngta29AIrjFpsGfkzMFDcTmAYAAnsitzqe4RFs3sazH1lRp+Jz2XvOhbD2Kip+zUIvmx4kneYF2/hVUAKTUc/WK7AdKFXKKhgfdLZV767oi6SbUQ2srlRYOGFL0A+cPaXh3S1Mg5SdXzO5T7QlrNXt0JG/3h3GMlNTK1OFYvsXN9zS24xnpj1a/OCYduzuNr20sLCGPQhiSBEEGKOyO6Alg8wGs9kXfBIXlOXa38+B2TYmL62RIfUtLWv4gKN6gwawvGZ+zrEZsNl+B2XwNG+bGNM+sWFKWaKZlsbS8KvOHRs4GdYlliI98TLGzaurGbWjuRGYZiFSTmQ5lO+mjd/HzgWXONCaX0ddzU48+B3RK1nNLa+v8AQxCRduY/OMLKGSTj3NTZSV+oYJ+ZFIraqmutrqT4MPKHS8ZkaWaVCMCOQrUjuJ8qnjAUi3dT5E/nEgUsaDWGKOtkLFtU/YdZOCllknJmJK51JuCtrKeFCP6RaSkE5KZnQ7iuv9RGM6M45FyrmIOUAqTYMvvAcDWNF9/de1L9kgkAC/MQJrLKzJMXnjdMFxHRzEmaCJswjXtMFta1AfWkM2ps3FCe2ScyItAN4pQE19YNkbZZQZzPLdhYyg1CBxBFat4UgPH9JJk9gZSFARRgaFgFuXIGgoDflyh3cRrk9iGXjHRs+RplTQZb04G9KiDtndIpkzOHkMoRS1xQmmotavKsQ7Nn9WQAC4NSu4UuRfcAN/KJsdtl1NZf3aaNCOspQmuu6gvreGJPVWEeXR3KDbm15c5JgSqtlYFTvXLw8VPlGKlJGx6VzlGGJKKs7Kt1IKlWKg0YajdeMGNoMPdX1gtODadkR61RRkszLISxwiZZ0yZMWQGKKSBStqC1flFT/wBUb4V9Ys9hTusxEpytCGoCK5c2UkA99IV02tWNVaMnaJ1fZPRnCKg/ZhzapNyTFB0x6GoFMzDqUZb5fdYcAN0XexZuLLDMCkokqAwUPXcVy2pEknZU7NmbEKVF2BWsyuvtE2HICkMvoGscv2ZMrMNspC0pWwuDYcOcHEdphxWLjZPR0TcViCz5QSSlAKn2SbfCK6W9Ibtbo/NkMG9tCCKqGqKfEKW9REqhjKKapOVpdDJ8YwVfxpVVG8bcuxi5qCukNUBSDTQg+RhdozSjWANz6H+sCNjj8I9fzhkqcszsXuFxEJUYt72OqStsoFVgpagGcChY7qCp/VIsp+3XmjrZKtKVQTVzQP8Au5N34q1jnOwdoS5o6uYSjHQhitToDUH9VMbHZWxlTtTurIUVBYl28S27fStIjWyaMtoyjUWZEs7aDTznYAClb98ZzpFjncqDaWK5bUBa2a+8iq23VHGCtrYsS8zFqI3soDV2G7urryFOdMriMS8ymckgVyrXsqCa0UfXW0LSw7q3YSHEVg6iko5n0DJUkucqipOg3nkIP2bs6X1qh5igMLhkXskEClTfN4DQwHsueEmymYkBXUk6mgIJi0xGEWfiC8kpkmnMwmCoXictR7waAeHUpzytWVtyz4hxKjioRVN3W7XNMuOkmAwoRUV1ZhQjIomTFyi5I1K8qj86zaGyUSWjqwmFhU2yJSmWuUMRXv4xaJsybJSiLh1zD20BBPIkzKmMli0ZSQ7+yKmhqASTRVPOhMEnmtZFVDK3dioOszUANFY0sA1NxoK01isxmFMtlB3oCbUpXdyhy7TyMCq5qe7e/DTnQwMcW7tVtTyHKkPpU5JdhlarBtJbik8PnaHCS28AV4kfLWGiZSEuxpvO+vqT9YfZgbS6j0kEEaEV3GC3gXClc1FvStW3m+7gPX5AkxHqvzGo4HF+ruT5s3f2WTK9eu4ZG884PyEbhxeOefZbOpiZi/FKJ8VZaejGOksl4n4Z/pozPG45cZLvb6Hz5viQRETeHVvG5RkCLEDteURPv7oIxQ0PePl+cDvpGMxsVHETXc0+Gu6Mb9Dwi6wWDoBubeda8uUAbPwmc5j7I9Twi8lUjqNPmwOIqf8AVAWOqAGWqsD5fmIM2T0nIGV6Ag1odDxp38InelL0pziox2zFa8t8rA1F6XHAi4h1Wkp7gqNeVJ6G1xW0cLiEqZwlmg7BRbU5t9Iy22dsLJHVYbiuZxQBwpDFQAK0Lan92mhNZBtSQ0jLPw4GKBy1UZUmKQc03s0XOBW/xUOlQKmTKDih1H6rAYUMruw1bFuccqNh0c6QypoyuwHJhoCKEcxFpi9hYZwcgl307C2rzsY5Zi8EyGq15EWMPXabiSf2jB8wAUA3Wl2LVoKaaVuOcLKkuQyGJlHcu+mU6XKRMNLYHJ7RBqBvI8WNfCMiTBRRWpUUPEfUb4ixOEZL6jj+Y3QsVbQDOTk7kQjo3QnYom4GY1Kv1jOh4MigKR45vMxzmUpYgDUmkdG2H0lXCYVJQll2GbMahEqzE2NCT5CIfEKdadNKitboLhmlK7LY42dPSXm9mtDlZlaXTeVBBJralbWizfBnKGr1aItqJ1bMTqCS7VEYXD9KJoxDPLVUFiV1BrYsfTSLrFY/EYugmsFlj3VtXvMDalFedWZZxmp6xLnorjUaY3aXMQQgNAxX3itdRZa9wjSYkVK8o5v0jl9R1BXszASykarSh+eT+GLbZfTUNQT1yke8gJU966jwr4RW4zh1WcfFp635c/cBlVSqOLKv7SNmJTrhUPnUHShBBuRxtrHOphjrHTOZLxGEmtLcMFCtbUZWBNRqLV1jlCyy5oP+IsOEym6LjO94u2pCxMVGWnMSTmJ7Ovy5xv8ABbKB/vJ69WJCTz2s7BWVTQJvarCg5iMhKw+iLvIHeeJi72nSWFl1qEAFt7UoKn8NO6piylTU2kxKU3CLkgWdKLsXJtUhQTmKj6nid5rDFmKAaBnpvpb+I0HrEJd3NF03kXPcOHjTxgmVJC+1lrxdqkdy6DwiSkkrIA227sHbFMdFXxcf7axNgcYJZPW6GhGUmoIrXdvFPKIcbPO51PctfrAn3c+1MOYjQUFB4DWB1oxlFxY+lNwmpI1s3pRIRMoRiw+Imm7Ufr6RndozZ00g5GAbtDMKFq+/Q+7ag3WtWLPB7flSlWsmSZqdkO4zkDWpBtnzljXcKClqw2dtXMS/WSWZjUkuMxPMkRGp0YxJVXEyk2uQPsrZ2Spc1J5GnnBUzCJwW+//AJ0hibSJseqb/up+ULOnLSzKeNGDAHvEFaIyfMqpsvKSIbEk5gW1hhgElZllSlmgP2eup/WpgqIMEOye8xOIg1HebNpwyGTCwXv+LL7oDiMmOlcGzKfFTT1AjrxjhOycT1U6XM+CYjeCsCflHdH1iZhXeLRm/SGnarCfVW+D/J88se1EsqWW5DjDEl5m7tYOAjQ8V4p6uvDp/ufy/JV+j/AfXX41b+mnt/d+OvwB8YvZHIwCy2ixxIqpiuc0FYzVCTlvvcveN0o06qyqyy/TQKWfQADQQ9Mfl305nSAxMh8kE3ChxwMWa2Mi3d3CnJe5CNzWaVPkbRE0im+Yv+OS3+4Q7q197CsDxWjD1tDWmBf/AE6cmksP8yEj0hRBJjKq1aZmA91lYf5hp5xJJnh+2m7dcmnOIC6vomU/uq5/2gwxMOZDg3ytqKUpDTi160WroYDx2GGau6n6+kOnXBpCTpuaWp36fryhDgFJfa8YPeWzOEUFuyxIArYCpqOEQMnaHONn0O2hKlSphcr1jvlUauQFG4XIqTy1gc3ZXDUaaqSyt2RjNl4cAuQLmw5CgJp5+kF4iWCBUmoFLEjz4wXgk62Y8xgQWd2K0AIJYn9fSIJ0xczjcGr52+dIPBaCyjl0JOj2FzYhF45h6E0jf7O2Uqmg8uEYbYb5cTJI/wDcQebAH0Mb7pPtD7tLZ1r1jjq0uaA72pyG/jSIWKpZqitzJWGq5abMZ0wx2fEMqDMJYEsXAqQTmNT+8SPCKjDzstWeg3AC9O874if1iSUgeYoJACjfc30tvOsToxUEooh5nJuQ6bNfKWByqyshUXqDYhtx1868Ip9mS7N3/L9GLvbDgC1dKXqAe4WA8BFfgpXZOUcaCGuKvcSZLgWowalaEfn9IV6zJpqQO8ipJ30iXBYN1N6Ab98WD5VFaVh0UDvpYjl4ZQPZr36eUD4qYqj2VHgIhxuJzCwr+uMVpcsKBDXSwNeW4g+cK3YSwRhQGYvbs2Hef16wmJY1yr7Z1PwA7zwMWuytlZUGc0OpG+p4nSJWlCXUKoINzvZjzrr5wCUrsfbQAwWBlKopWu9soY+dCB4Qk55Q95yeQ/JYdNKE6BacTTyqpUeDDvhuZqe09Pwmav8AqeOOIxik3zZgHDt18skQYjHClEMxvxlqeApbzh8xv/pflR0byFPlAk2apBoig/iYnyJjhCEzKmsWBFqxVK0WEhwUBN90DqrmSsLLVoOw47A8fmYcIRfZHdC7oqnq2ej0I5aUI9EvoMlR3LY0/rMPJf4paE9+UV9axw2VpHZ+iciZLwklXNGy1pS4DEsAeYBES8K3mZnvSFRdCm29b/b/AEccly8o574khpMLWItWrKrNzm9WabD0adCmqVNWitEMfQxWT/ZPdFoYF+6jKSWAsxoNbGnHjBcPJJ6me9IUrQk+6+hXySCKZsp3V0PcYRWKEq1RvBHzEDJmoRYjgdK/SPdUSKA+tvWLYxJaYZw1i7+DEfKDl2aDoz/+Rq/OMyQV5QVhscV1uN4/rHHF2+y3+Jz35W9SISXs8qa1NeaKPkIiktIYWmOp4GYwh7yVGk4gcTPEKcOSSyntCx33p66RAkqzjhceF4LwcyUD7Zc97FfXWH48g1yAgkU0t/SGnFTOmnLXv+oh4xDIiTFNGW4OtCORhMThXoBlty0/WsSYnZk2UuSejyi2VhnBU5TvFf1cRxxY7Jm9jM7HMasSTvN9NIB6/OzkUPHnBivlWinKN+/N31gESWV2zCgNCCAQDBVoEbugjAzurdXFBlYNfTsmorFp0i242LZDQIEWgGtSTVm5V7NuUUjSpmaiqxJFQACSa6UAvBeD2Y7MA+VDWplvnR6D4uz2eMMqSpxeaQtOM5eWIyQuc0UFnaw7juH5wXI2XMlMZk0ZAbCtGBpYAODlrrvjTbI2fJQB8iqxFKhyV8Lxe4bDysQVklew5CmgApU7rWYUJ8Ih+uOU0orQmPCqELyepzWdJ6y70pwH56wTICrZadw1gvbIkpPmrJWkpWKrUlicti1TxIJ8YEXaAHADfSJecgWvuKZcx9OyOf6rCy9nkmpm1A1AH9YSZjM3sGvOBPvZUsoYX3d0Nc2dZB2LRZasZdCy3q1waajyhZU+7MaVDHhVVOljuIppy5xWTMQTLaopTfuMVUmetcs2tPdce0td1eENsdcvsVtMg0ahGlRZvHjA7F/dIIO46Hy0PdEL4BCtUm5zrTW3PhAOLxYAy5yeNNPC8KhLhsyYNC+U8GIPk66+NIDeZlPaHc1Aw8GUr9YrWmiGrPpoSO76jfC2ELR5oYf3w7mz/NlPzgac9qZgRyNRECYjioPcCp9LekPAzGpBA5An1EcceCeEF4Q9kjnEOVQNWP8AhpE+BYGw4itqAX0EMq/tZJwivVS66Fo+6PHSPPDW0inPS27XL3oNsf7ziFDCstO2/AgGynvNBThWOwObxmPs02d1WEDkdqacx45RUIO6lT/ijWFItKEMsb9TA8XxTr18q2jovv8AM4E0LDTCxVHol9RDAOIkkHMxGUmgJUOo5MQKr/WDTCSzc0AOmZd5U13e9f6wWlJxZnvSKClhk+kvsyhZLnTw08DCrMpoAOdyfCukeny+2wUWqacAN0MLKv77cNw/OLiLujDEsxLVbw4nugN1IPOCiCt2vMOg+EcTCPh6W1Y3PKFOBM8TyXXeIbOlUgcqRHHFzJxSrotYlG1plewAPWKOXOpBcnEDfaEOLiQ5FTMbMza8fCOsbK6XyJ4GbsNkUMGpcgBTQ7waV7jHGEmruqTBOHxGQgs5too1J3QyccysEpzyu52uRiMOatLlUJB7aSgDTfRgLwANuyg6r97MypI6vq0d+Y7Ir4UjJ7L6cPTLiBnrQF94QaggC/Mi9zrGs2jLmqidS1Hb4FUK62ygOQaChFC2oreIU4yi9SzpThJaF1Ok9atAXSo9oDKw8GFPAiMX0m2TNl0Zpkqaq6F0GcDhUfMCM50i2niZZAM6YuahpmWig+FxpfnEUvCzZhILvnpUZq59K0v7JpyhjirZgq3cSVNrMgNaralWbMjA/u0HmbikWk37QHWXhVloB1LKXIoc5votsoNSTXeYyz4ZEahTrA2hJrwqDwNYcmwEefLUnq0dgDSlb6UrYXoIfSUFL2g68ajhe2wHOLG4JZT31gKbNHxesHba2UZGImSs7CWDVLn2GuBbWlx4QxFkqPZDcyInlQVrYqmhp3QiM5NQGJHIwZPxKAdgX4igivm4hjUkm/Em8cIE4jFzXsaAcKgDygMzya7zpERqYklpSFOFUNxp3R4SYnVDBMjCEwhwJLk8omGFO4RcyMHQRI+EbVDQ8NxhMwtiiUU8PMQ4PvFuYqD6RaNKVzlZSsweB71O+AZ+BIuL8xY+I+ohbiWIHnsdTXv1ibZrdqnH6QM8si9DTjqPP84K2WgzV5QKs/IyfwyObF013LV4Rxag1hGix2Hhesnyl3Bsx7k7Rr5U8Yq4q7SPQKs8kJS6I7NsiUJcmWg0VVUdwAEVu0OlmHkzGlu9GWlRSuoB+sE47aC4fDNNb3VsPiY2VfE0jjWInl2Z2NWYkk8STUxcxjoeT43FOnLTdkbR6sI0JFIew31PNFdjXysDuIKnmIsGMV20dAeB+kGofvRT8Zjnws17/mV+Im3JY1roDUk8zCypmQ1A7R0BAJ7yPdieThs5qgC13k1bwguVhkladpuJ0i2R5+QS5fVjM15jaD6mDsLgsqlnuxh+BwdTnfX5QUD1hr7o05wpxUYuRFY6UjRYha1iqxEqOOK5lgdptCeEGPLgZ5YhDh0vEc4JkPe2vOAkkRPiZ5Jrv476xxxaJP8Aijow2mqSsHZyJmFRWMtpeZWljqz1gOpyFaAnebWrHMp+I6rJm7YYA0OosL13/wBOcCyMWQWYBszHs0pl194d0CnHPENSm6U7s3eP2MuLmM8vFSnc6JNUyXXdTfu7tIs9pY+YJaiegEyXQs60JdQALODrw31Ec+w+0pg9qpA374P/AOpS2ADFvHS0AnTnZR5InU61O7knq+ofitqItWyNUCtWUqe87iTa44RncVtia7Bl7NCCPA2PpCY/FGY1fdtQH1J8axAogtPDxjrzI9fGVJ+VPTsTYva82e2acakCgsBQVrS2vjxgVpxOkLNWtIVVg9iGMCE6wTh8FWPSlg1XppCnEiSEQA0EByJBJqd8JNUkiprFvhMPRQYSTORFh8LB8mRCS4mRiD/WBj0iZJcOMvhEksjnEstlvr5GEHFXiJYfstZhod/eDFfNrXKxIbcdMwi5xsutq/rlFZiGraYO5t8KhrKjFMy1BFuP5xPsnf4fWJptuBhmzhdiNLecMr/02WPB7+uwt3+jDSbxuOg+zaSZuII9r9mndYufPKPAxiJEsu6qoqzEKOZJoPUx2TEyEw2FVB7MtLnjluzeJqfGIuHp3lfoaDjOL8Ol4a3k/kjG9P8Aa2d0w6nsygC3OYRbyU/5jwjJGFecZhLt7Tkse9jU/OEpFpHRHldeo6lRyY1zeEj0eihPdObI5r0Fd0VWKnZjy3QkeiXh4rcy3HcRNS8JbWuNdurNjVvQf1g3BGp7TflCR6LEyge83rOwnsjU8YPSXRQBHo9CnA01NYrMQt49HoQ4FZLxWzxQmPR6EZwitCOY9HoQ4mx4zlaGwVRfuv61h0lbAQsehUrIVu7uyRTSHAchHo9CiDHEMhY9HHDXFodIuO6PR6OOJaUh4ePR6OOJZEvMR3xbu1LAesej0DkKj2HAYkNu8rwSLbvqIWPQg4sMO4I9ldOAiUva30hI9CClDtaZ215qDXfAxaovu5R6PQ4ayumTyK9mq8PyiTZs9dBvMej0NqRTg0yRgqsqeIhKO90vjoa/oBhOsxisdJYZ+VfZX1avhG96bz8uDnH9wj+Ls/WPR6GYdeUmccqN15dl9rnKJXsiJI9HolmEe5//2Q==https://encrypted-tbn0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQvLt7F1_IxB9aFZYhtjHOfMkC32JruNTqEqzS3XQ--Bs9-sftRBw
U srpnju je ruski rubalj pao na 60 rublji za dolar zbog pada cijena nafte, što je poništilo veliki dio rezultata djelomičnog oporavka koji je rubalj ostvario od kraja prošle godine, kada je potonuo tako nisko da je njegova vrijednost iznosila 80 rublji za dolar, zbog niske cijene nafte i zapadnih financijskih sankcija prema Moskvi zbog njene intervencije u Ukrajini. Rubalj je pao na 64,4 za dolar 6. kolovoza, što je bila njegova najniža vrijednost od veljače. Kineski juan (renminbi)  također je pao u odnosu na dolar u srpnju,  nakon što je nesigurno kinesko  tržište dionica naglo izgubio 30 posto svoje vrijednosti u spektakularnom slomu, nakon pola godine frenetičnog, spekulativnog rasta.
 
U Rusiji, osim neprekidnih geopolitičkih napetosti, uzrok nestabilnosti rublja je uska povezanost s cijenama roba,  a u istoj situaciji se nalaze nacionalne valute Brazila, Indije i Južne Afrike. Kina, jedan od najvećih svjetskih uvoznika roba, ima mnogo raznolikiji izvozni sektor, ali, kako je slom burze pokazao, njeno gospodarstvo koje se postupno liberalizira još uvijek ostavlja dosta prostora za iznenađenja. Međutim, analitičari kažu da bi još veći problem za sve valute zemalja BRICS-a mogao biti način na koji nervozne, politički sputavane središnje banke reagiraju u krizama. To dovodi do toga da je investitorima teško predvidjeti što će se dogoditi, što još dodatno smanjuje privlačnost ovih zemalja kao sredine za globalnu trgovinu i ulaganja.
 
„Monetarne politike u Brazilu ili Rusiji su daleko od toga da budu transparentne, a to nameće pitanje koji su zapravo ciljevi njihovih središnjih banaka i po kojim uvjetima će one djelovati, bilo na tržištima valuta ili kad se radi o povećanju kamatnih stopa“, kaže Lars Christiansen, međunarodni ekonomist i voditelj agencije Market and Money Advisory iz Kopenhagena.
 
Kina je dugo sanjala o internacionaliziranju  svoje valute, a koncem ove godine očekuje se da će Međunarodni monetarni fond (MMF) razmotriti hoće li dodati renminbi svojoj košarici valuta svjetskih rezervi, koje zemlje mogu koristiti za deponiranje ili zaduživanje kod globalne kreditne institucije. Danas postoje samo četiri takve valute rezervi: američki dolar, euro, japanski jen i britanska funta. No, hoće li renminbi, također poznat kao juan, biti dodan na popis ovisit će mnogo o spremnosti Pekinga da dovrši ono što je do sada bio samo djelomičan napredak prema slobodno plutajućem tečaju. „Razlog zašto renminbi nije dio takozvane MMF-ove košarice specijalnih prava vučenja [valuta svjetskih novčanih rezervi] je da renminbi još uvijek nije potpuno konvertibilan  te je očito da ne možemo govoriti o ovoj valuti kao valuti rezervi, ako ne postoji potpuno slobodan pristup toj valuti“, kaže Christiansen. Do sada Kineska središnja banka kontrolira valutni tečaj kako bi ga održavala niskim u odnosu na dolar,   te tako kineskom izvozu osigura cjenovnu prednost u odnosu na konkurenciju. Također postoje kapitalna ograničenja glede toga koliko se novca može unijeti  i iznijeti iz Kine.
 
To znači da bolji način da Kina i ostale zemlje BRICS-a stvore alternative američkom dolaru možda ne bi bio stvaranje suparničkog sustava, nego umjesto toga da usvoje  iste vrijednosti slobodnog tržišta koje su od dolara stvorile najprivlačniju valutu na svijetu za investitore i trgovce. Međutim, do sada su zemlje BRICS-a kao blok pokazale malo sklonosti da krenu u tom smjeru. Na sastanku održanom prošlog mjeseca u ruskom gradu Ufa, čelnici pet zemalja složili su se da će osnovati dugo planiranu Novu razvojnu banku koja bi članicama davala kredite za razvoj infrastrukture, te da će osnovati Valutni fond kako bi međusobno mogle hitno osigurati  tekuća financijska sredstva, ako se njihove dolarske rezerve smanje.
 
Nova banka, s početnim kapitalom od 50 milijardi dolara, osnovana je u skladu  s ciljem skupine o stvaranju alternative financiranju kojim dominira Zapad, čiji standardi za kreditiranje i izvješćivanje odražavaju zapadne vrijednosti transparentnosti i vladavine prava. Novi valuti fond, koji će imati pul deviznih rezervi u vrijednosti 100 bilijuna dolara, trebao bi pomoći ovim zemljama da se zaštite od devalvacije  svojih valuta, u slučaju da se globalni investitori povuku iz njihovih gospodarstava ako nastupi kriza, kao što se nedavno dogodilo u Rusiji.
 

Charles Recknagel, Radio Free Europe